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1880USCensus.com - free 1880 United States Census Search
Free Search of the Complete 1880 Federal United States Census
United States flag in 1880
The United States flag that was flying in 1880

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The 1880 census was the first to identify an individual's relation to the head of household. In addition, the 1880 census was the first to identify the state, county, and other subdivisions; the name of the street and house number for urban households; illness or disability at the time the census was taken; marital status; number of months unemployed during the year; and the state or country of birth of every individual's father and mother.

Thirty-eight states (including the recently admitted Colorado) were enumerated in the 1880 census, along with eight territories: Arizona, Dakota, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. Non-organized Alaska was also enumerated, but the "Indian Territory" (now Oklahoma) was not enumerated for non-Indians.
Enumerators (census takers) collected the following information for each household:

  • Address (name of the street; house number)
  • Occupant (name of each person and their relationship to head of family)
  • Personal (sex, race, age, marital status, ability to read and write, birthplace, and birthplace of parents)
  • Occupation (trade or profession; number of months unemployed)
  • Health (whether blind, deaf and dumb, crippled, maimed, idiotic, insane, bedridden, or otherwise disabled)

The 1880 census is a valuable tool in part because it is the only U.S. census available for the last two decades of the 1800s. Most of the original 1890 population schedules were destroyed in a fire at the Commerce Department in 1921. Less than one percent of the schedules - records enumerating only 6,160 individuals - survived.
(Facts per Ancestry.com's description)

President Rutherford B. Hayes
Rutherford B. Hayes was President
of the United States during the
1880 Federal Census.


1880 TIMELINE: (facts gathered from Wikipedia)

This census began on June 1, 1880 and lasted for one month. At that time in U.S. history, there were only 38 states in the Union. The population was 50,155,783.

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